Is Turkey in the European Union?
Is Turkey a member of the European Union or not? Why is it not a member of the European Union? What is the history of relations between the two parties? When will you become a member?
Is Turkey in the European Union? Turkey is not a member of the European Union (EU). Although Turkey is located partly in Europe and partly in Asia, it is not considered a European country for the purposes of EU membership. Turkey has been an associate member of the EU since 1963, and it began formal negotiations to join the EU in 2005, but the negotiations have been stalled since 2016.
Turkey's application to join the EU has been controversial, with some EU member states raising concerns about Turkey's human rights record, political system, and economic development. Turkey's geographical location also poses some challenges, as it would create a new external border for the EU and raise questions about how it would affect the EU's relationships with neighboring countries.
Turkey maintains close economic and political ties with the EU, and it is a member of several European organizations, including the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Union for the Mediterranean.
Turkey and the European Union (EU) have a long and complex relationship that has had its ups and downs over the years. Turkey first applied to join the EU in 1987 and became an associate member in 1963, but negotiations for full membership have been ongoing since 2005.
The relationship between Turkey and the EU has been strained in recent years, with several issues causing tensions between the two sides. These include Turkey's human rights record, its treatment of minorities, its stance on the conflict in Syria, and its domestic politics. In 2016, a failed coup attempt in Turkey led to a crackdown on civil liberties and the imprisonment of thousands of people, further straining relations with the EU.
Despite these challenges, Turkey and the EU continue to have important economic and strategic ties. The EU is Turkey's largest trading partner, and Turkey is a key transit country for natural gas and oil pipelines that supply Europe. Turkey also hosts millions of refugees from Syria, and the EU has provided financial support to Turkey to help it manage the refugee crisis.
Negotiations for Turkey's membership in the EU have been stalled for several years, but both sides have expressed a willingness to improve relations and address the issues that have caused tensions. In March 2021, the two sides held a high-level meeting in Ankara to discuss how to improve their relationship and increase cooperation in areas such as trade, security, and migration.
THE RELATİONSHİP BETWEEN TURKEY AND THE EUROPEAN UNİON
Here's some more information about the relationship between Turkey and the European Union:
Trade and Economic Cooperation: Turkey is an important trading partner for the EU, with over 50% of Turkey's exports going to EU countries. In return, the EU is Turkey's largest import partner. Turkey and the EU also have a customs union, which allows for the free movement of goods and services between the two sides. However, the customs union does not cover agriculture, services, or public procurement, which has been a point of contention in negotiations for full EU membership.
Visa-Free Travel: Turkey has been seeking visa-free travel for its citizens to the EU, which would allow Turkish citizens to travel to the EU without a visa. This issue has been a topic of negotiations between the two sides, but the EU has cited concerns about security and border control as reasons for not granting visa-free travel.
Human Rights and Political Reforms: Turkey's human rights record and political reforms have been a source of tension in its relationship with the EU. The EU has criticized Turkey for its treatment of minorities, its crackdown on civil liberties after the failed coup attempt in 2016, and its recent decision to withdraw from the Istanbul Convention, a treaty designed to combat violence against women. Turkey has argued that it is making progress on human rights and political reforms and has accused the EU of interfering in its domestic affairs.
Migration and Refugee Crisis: Turkey hosts over 3.6 million Syrian refugees, making it the largest host country in the world. The EU has provided financial support to Turkey to help it manage the refugee crisis and has agreed to take in a certain number of refugees as part of a resettlement program. However, the issue of migration and refugee flows into the EU has been a source of tension between the two sides, with Turkey accusing the EU of not doing enough to support it in managing the refugee crisis.
In summary, while Turkey and the EU have a long-standing relationship and important economic ties, there are several issues that have caused tensions between the two sides. Despite these challenges, both sides have expressed a willingness to improve their relationship and find ways to work together on issues of mutual interest.