Where is Kashmir or Kashmir, what is the problem of Kashmir?
Pakistan and India, the major countries of South Asia, are on the verge of war again. The country, which has fought 3 times before, has once again come to the brink of war because of the Kashmir or Kashmir problem. So where is the biggest problem between the two countries, Kashmir or Kashmir, what is the Kashmir problem?
Kashmir, commonly known in Kashmir or Turkish, is the name given to a region located at the intersection of India-China-Pakistan borders.
- Kashmir on the map
The northern and western parts of Kashmir, which is a mountainous region, are under the control of Pakistan, the central parts of India and the eastern part of China.
The part controlled by India is called "Jammu Kashmir" and the part controlled by Pakistan is called "Azad Kashmir".
The region under China's administration in 1960 is called "Aksai China".
In 1948, the United Nations ruled that the people of the region would decide whether Kashmir would be attached to Pakistan or India.
In the referendum in the region, the people of Kashmir decided to join Pakistan. However, Kashmir's pro-Indian administration preferred to attach to India instead of implementing this decision.
The Pakistani government wants the referendum to determine which country Kashmir will be connected to, following the 1948 UN resolution.
India and Pakistan, which gained independence from Britain in 1947, fought three times in 1948, 1965 and 1971 due to Kashmir.
Jammu is thought to have killed more than 70,000 people in the violence in Kashmir.